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33 Search Results for ""motivating black males""

  • Richard_Lamprecht

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  • 7 Tips to Eliminate the "I don 7 Tips to Eliminate the "I don't know" Response

    • From: Jennifer_Davis_Bowman
    • Description:

      I was blown away the first time I saw the commercials in the “Real Cost of Smoking” campaign. You can take a look at one of the commercials in the series here. Even though the commercial was not a school public service announcement, it made me think about the classroom. So, instead of the cost of cigarettes, I thought about the real cost of the “I don’t know” response. It’s sad because unlike the in-your-face consequences instantly revealed in the smoking ads (we see a teen pry his teeth out with pliers to represent the impact of smoking on teeth), the consequences from the “I don’t know” response can go unnoticed for years. I was thinking that it was time to pursue a prevention effort-a campaign if you will, to eliminate this response. It's 
      time to ban “I don’t know” from the student vocabulary! Below are a few strategies that will get us off to a strong start:


      • Some research shows that when teachers utilize active listening techniques (decreasing movement during communication, nodding head to show attentiveness, and rephrasing student comments) students are more likely to continue to interact and share information (Cahn & Frey, 1992).


      • In addition research shows that humor may encourage students to open up a little more. There is some evidence that inserting humor helps students relax and pay more attention (Wanzer, 2002). 


      • Unsurprisingly, research also suggests that teacher smiling and making eye contact with students is linked with student motivation to learn (Frymier & Schulman,1995).


      • Some scholars argue that children move between an active and bystander role during the communication process. Factors such as age, empowerment, and environment facilitate how children move between these roles (Lambert, Glacken & McCarren, 2010). I figure that our expectation of the student’s role (if we expect them to be more involved or passive) impacts 
      how we persuade (dissuade) the use of the "I don't know" response. 


      • Also, it appears the communication process can be defined as emergent or ever-changing. Scholars caution against the use of planned strategies/interventions that do not account forthe inherent dynamic nature of the communication process (King, 2010). I guess that this is an instance when we as teachers have to go with the flow and think quickly on our feet in 
      terms of responding to the “I don’t know” statement. 


      • Instead of dissecting the features of the communication process, one blogger focuses on the way students communicate their lack of understanding as a critical component of the assessment process. For example, when students say "I don't know", this leaves little information as to the source of confusion or even why the material was misunderstood. If we can help students to instead say, “I understand everything up to this point…” this provides teachers with a specific starting point for helping the student move forward. 


      • Another blogger explains that when teachers disclose steps within their own personal learning process (cognitive structures), it helps students navigate through their struggles with finding answers. So, to model how you actively strive to be in the know, you may say, "when the principal asks something that I don't know, this is what I do to come up with an answer..."


      Admittedly, this list is short. I am hoping to hear from you in order to expand the list of strategies that we can use to improve student response. Have you found any useful techniques? What about any strategies that you found less helpful in meeting your expectations? When students say "I don't know", do you know the real cost? Join the campaign by sharing your story below...

    • Blog post
    • 2 months ago
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  • 8 Responses to Late Work To Us 8 Responses to Late Work To Use Right Now

    • From: Jennifer_Davis_Bowman
    • Description:

      Take a second and think about the movie “Ferris Bueller’s Day Off”.  If Ferris would have arrived home late, his whole ploy (to outsmart his parents by skipping school) would have been ruined.  This is an example of a case when lateness has detrimental effects.  On the other hand, think about filing your taxes.  Filing late with the appropriate extension paperwork is no deal breaker-you will not have to sell your soul or give away your first born son. This latter example is a case when lateness is less critical for an individual.   


      So, in addressing lateness (late work) in the classroom, I think it is important to look at the consequences which impact student success. I was interested in how other educators faced the late work dilemma and this is what I found:


      • Some find it helpful to dissect the issue.  In a piece I found about the grey areas of grading, it seemed that asking a series of questions was important.  For example, aking about the frequency (is it incidental or chronic) of the lateness can help in managing the issue.  Also, asking if the student has access to adequate resources to complete the assignment, or even if the student is able to conquer personal issues (time management, accountability, etc.) are helpful in determing solutions.  Don't forget that it is equally important to explore the teacher/instruction method for causes as well.  Think about how class instruction might facilitate or hinder the assignment submission process.


      • Some wish to use the concept of lateness as a way to explore real world issues with students.  We strive to make our classroom lessons applicable to the real world and looking at “lateness” allows just that.  For instance in a blog about what to consider in grading late work, we are provided with examples of how the world operates in spite of lateness-such as with flight delays, dental appointments, etc.


      • Some use the issue to engage students in positive talk.  For example instead of threatening to deduct points, there is an incentive to add points for submitting work early.


      • Some teachers perceive the issue as a conversation extender.  For instance one blogger describes the technique of requiring that students “convince me” of the need to accept late work. 


      • Some teachers view late work as better than nothing.  It seems that when ranking types of work, most teachers value the submission of late work more so than the submission of incomplete work.  A study showed that 61% of teachers were more likely to score incomplete work as zero whereas only 8% would score late work as a zero. 


      • Some teachers utilize a window of time to submit work.  For instance implementing the use of both a due date (this can last about a week) and a deadline (this is the last opportunity that a student can turn in work) may decrease the amount of late work submitted. 


      • Some teachers find it useful to collaborate with students in terms of due dates.  In addition, communicating with other teachers and staff in your school is helpful in developing an assignment calendar (to avoid flooding students with work due the same time as other teachers).


      • Finally, some teachers exchange the “late” status for “incomplete”.  This switch of terminology is important because typically, students are not granted any points for late work, but partial points for incomplete work.  In viewing work as “incomplete” (and then of course requiring completion), instead of late, this gives students the opportunity to earn back points.   


      “Can I still turn this in?”  How do you respond when you hear this from your students-is it frustrating or motivational in the classroom policy sense?  What solutions have you tried in addressing student late work and how feasible were they?  Sometimes, I find it useful to change my policy based on the students I am working with that particular year.  How have you changed your late work policy over time? 

    • Blog post
    • 3 months ago
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  • Marcia_Sandifer

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  • 8 Black History Study Strategi 8 Black History Study Strategies to Avoid

    • From: Jennifer_Davis_Bowman
    • Description:

      A couple of weeks ago, I asked my oldest son what they do in school to honor Black History Month.  After shaking his head and moaning he exclaimed, “we always watch these videos…”   Upon further prompting, my son explained how they watch the same video regarding the infamous “I have a dream” speech.  Instantly, a tinge of discomfort ran through my body.  Wow, that was basically the same way (long, boring, ancient-like videos) that Black History month was recognized when I was in grade school.  To add salt to injury, I realized that my curriculum with college students in my classes did not include as much intentional, embedded, connections to Black History (or even American History (please see number one from the list below) as it could.  After thinking about the curriculum that most educators (including myself) fall into during the month of February, I compiled a list of 8 things to avoid during the study of Black History:


      1.  Isolating the Context

      Try to avoid studying Black History in isolation from other course themes.  Remember that Black History is American History.  Remember that concepts such as humanity, power, socialization and law can be drawn out and developed as it relates to your present curriculum.


      1. Emphasizing Colorblindness

      It is natural to see color.  Psychology teaches us that in terms of first impressions, race and visible characteristics are the first things that catch our attention.  It is unnatural to pretend that people are all the same race, and thus the same color.  Embrace diversity and use it to facilitate teaching moments (for additional information on sensitivity to differences visit the website www.teachingtolerance.org).  Think about how boring it would be if all M&M candy were the same color or if all cell phone cases were the same color, or all houses were the same color…


      1. Limiting the Study to Well Known African American Leaders

      We are all familiar with individuals such as Dr. King, Rosa Parks, and Malcolm X.  We need to expose students to additional examples of African American Leaders.  Challenge your students to do an online search to find African American inventors, scientist, school leaders, engineers, etc.  Please refer students to websites such as www.kulturekids.org and the history channel’s www.history.com


      1. Limiting the Study to Well Known African American Historical Events

      I can’t think of one student that does not know the story about the 1960’s boycotts, sit-ins, or the remarkable underground rail road.  It is time to expand our student’s knowledge on little known facts about black history and we as educators have the opportunity to do this. 


      1. Limiting the Study to Well Known African American Literature

      As a young African American female, I grew up in awe of the writings of Maya Angelou.  My mom shared her collection of Langston Hughes writings with me.  We need to broaden the scope of African American books that our students are exposed to.  For children, a list of favorite African American stories is listed on a blog post from www.huffpost.com .  In addition, you can order true stories about people of color from www.brownsbooks.com.  For older students, you can find, a list of “10 African American Teen Books to Read Right Now” listed on www.amazon.com


      1. Emphasizing Worksheets as the Frequently Used Method of Delivery

      We all love crossword puzzles and word searches, but we need to be more creative in our choice of supplementary materials.  As the digital age is taking over,  it would be a disadvantage to our students if we did not introduce them to kid-friendly websites such as www.urbantext.illinois.edu  and the “African American World” from www.pbs.org.  In addition, for older students, there are wonderful blog cites that share insights on topics related to African Americans such as www.josevilson.com and www.larryferlazzo.edublogs.com


      1. Reliance on Lecture as the Only  Method of Delivery

      We all know that lectures are boring and after 15 minutes, the students tune out the teacher.  Instead of the traditional lecture, try a debate.  One topic for debate could target the use of Emit Till’s name in a rap song by Lil Wayne (some felt that the use of the historic figure was inappropriate while others felt that it spurred interest in learning about history).  Another topic of debate could focus on whether voter suppression (additional information can be found on www.nan.net ) was used during the re-election process of President Obama. 


      1. Presenting One Dimensional Historical Accounts

      Remember that history is complicated.  Try to paint as full of a picture as you can and thus do not rely on only one source to inform your students.  If you must play the “I have a dream” speech for your students, don’t just use it in isolation.  Add interviews of how people reacted to the speech, how individuals today spend MLK day, or even critical reviews of the speech.  If you are inclined to discuss Malcolm X, combine excerpts from the biography, clips from Spike Lee’s movie, and the perspectives of those who may have disapproved of his leadership methods. 


      *Please note that this content was originally posted in teachers.netgazette Vol. 11 No. 2

    • Blog post
    • 5 months ago
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  • Janet_Dickerson

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  • 50 Shades of Grit Part 1 50 Shades of Grit Part 1

    • From: Jennifer_Davis_Bowman
    • Description:

      Did you know that 46% of new teachers leave the profession in the first five years according to a report in a 2011 Forbes education article? This whopping statistic made me wonder, what makes the 56% of educators stay?  Outside of the love for learning, and an interest in helping others, I believe the #1reason that teachers become classroom "stayers" is due to a little something called grit. 


      In any discussion of the term "grit", instantly the movie "My Cousin Vinny" comes to mind. The film follows the trial of two guys wrongly accused of robbery. In one pivotal court scene, the time required to prepare grits was used to establish doubt in the case. Specifically, because a homemade breakfast of grits required a very long, slow cook, the prosecutor's proposed timeline fell apart. So, the takeaway for me was that grit(s) develops over time.


      Let’s take a closer look at this thing called grit.  For instance:


      To continue with the Hollywood film theme, the concept was featured in the 2010 western movie title "True Grit" in which a young teen showed determination in seeking justice for her father's murder. 


      In the world of idioms, the phrase "grit your teeth" is associated with preparing or bracing for a difficult task. Similarly, the phrase "getting down to the nitty-gritty" alludes to dissecting a problem from root to tip. 


      Even when the term is used in different contexts, one factor rings true:  grit survives.  It’s not hard to see why teacher grit reflects an ongoing, determined attitude that withstands classroom challenges.


      We have looked at the inherent survival nature of grit.  Can grit completely be described by this feature alone?  How can we begin to examine how grit may change due to a teacher’s experiences?  Because grit builds slowly, just as colors gradually merge into a rainbow, I began to think of an analogy to help examine the process.  Below, I have developed 6 color-minded questions to help educators take a closer look at grit: 


      1. How has different classroom experiences discolored or enhanced your grit overtime?


      2. How might you prevent colorblindness or biases from interfering with the development of teacher grit?


      3. What factors from your upbringing or training contribute to the development of a stainable (versus a washable)      stance towards students, parents, and school staff?


      4.  When help is needed in the classroom, how does your grit facilitate the pursuit of assistance versus the use of color blocking to deny aid?


      5. Classrooms are more racially diverse than ever before.  How can grit impact yourresponse if you or the students become color struck?


      6. In art, primary colors are used to develop more color options.  How could educator's use grit to improve and build additional skills in the classroom?


      As you continue to manage the challenges in your classroom, don't forget to ask yourself, 'what color is your grit?'  The following 2 resources may be helpful in developing maintaining, or reflecting upon your grit.


      Please note that this is Part 1 of a series on grit.  Part 2 will focus on student grit and and Part 3 will target developing grit in parents.



      Browder, D.M., Wood, W.M., Test, D.W., Karvonen, M., & Alggozine, B. (2001).  Reviewing resources in self-determination: A map for teachers.  Remedial and Special Education, 22, 233-244.


      Wagner, B.D. (2010).  Motivation, work satisfaction and teacher change among early childhood education teachers.  Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 24, 152-171. 

    • Blog post
    • 6 months ago
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  • 5 Ways to Worry-Proof the Stud 5 Ways to Worry-Proof the Student Feedback Process

    • From: Jennifer_Davis_Bowman
    • Description:

      Student feedback can be heavy.  I know that it can be an invaluable tool in improving instruction, but collecting, interpreting, and using the feedback can be grueling nonetheless.  First, it is scary to be judged (especially by learners that may harbor grudges from you upholding the policy on "no late work" or even from the younger, hormonal teens that are driven by their emotions).  Second, student opinion becomes a part of your official teaching record/standing when the student evaluations are submitted to the school administration.  Finally, it is difficult to know how to interpret the overall meaning of the evaluations (void of your emotions) and then PRODUCTIVELY use the data to inform your teaching. 


      In hopes of making the student feedback process more bearable this semester, I decided to focus on specific ways to use the feedback.  Typically as teachers, we invest a huge amount of time in collecting student opinions.  for example, english teachers may focus on the thoughts/actions of literature characters.  Similarly, science teacher may focus on getting students to share their view of a particular theory.  As teachers, we really need to dedicate just as much time (if not more) to exploring student feedback.  Below are 5 ways that may help in critically examining student feedback:


      1.  Table the Issue

      I love the organizational properties that tables provide for data.  When examining student feedback, try to create tables to house the information.  You can use an "Affect vs. Action" table that will show your emotions toward particular student feedback and how you will respond to that comment.  For example recently on a feedback sheet, a student wrote that it seemed like I jumped from one idea in the text book to another.  In the "Affect vs. Action" table I would write that "I felt that I did move quickly from one concept to another, but in the future, I would provide an outline for the notes in addition to the basic daily agenda in hopes of guiding the student better."

      Another option would be creating a table of the themes that become evident from the feedback.  When you review the feedback, what patterns seem to emerge or jump out at you?  If you find multiple comments about curriculum organization, practice time, or assessment, then these ideas should be highlighted in your table. 


      2.  Identify the Circle of Control

      Do you remember the movie "Meet the Fockers" and how Deniro kicked his future son-in law Ben Stiller out of his 'friend circle'?  The idea is that there are things that we as teachers control and there are things that are beyond our control.  In that movie, Deniro had the ability to be friends (or become an enemy) to his son in law.  As teachers we have a great deal of power.  We can choose particular aspects of our curriculum (dependent of course on our district), but we have to acknowledge that we can not control everything in our classroom.  For instance, on a recent feedback form, one student reported the expense of the textbook as a barrier to learning (university text books can be 100 dollars or more typically).  I can not control the price of the text (that is required through the university), thus this was a factor that was beyond my control. 


      3.  Highlight Student Voice

      More than likely, your evaluations will include both positive and not-so-positive feedback.  Embrace both.  In the past I have saved student comments and displayed them at home for quick reference.  Of course, I enlarge and use flashing lights to frame the postive comments (just kidding), but the point is, that I continually revisit the student's words in order to stay focued on growing as an instructor. 


      Another option is to use the student's comments during parent conferences to provide feedback about your current teaching style.  You can format the feedback in a table or even compile a series of comments and create testimonials regarding how students feel about your instructional methods. 


      4.  Explore Alternate Explanations

      No evaluation process is perfect.  Even though we try our best to collect valid and reliable data, sometimes extraneous variables get in the way (review number 2 on this list).  If you obtain negative comments about your teaching, the odds are that factors outside of your teaching ability/effort are involved.  For instance variables such as the frequency of data collection, the student response rate, and social desirability (or the need to rebel) contributed to the feedback that your students provided).


      5.  Stay in the Know

      For years we have heard about the research to practice gap in education.  Don't fall into this gap.  Stay abreast of the research and information regarding student feedback.  The New Directions for Teaching & Learning Journal is a great resource for information on collecting and using student feedback (This journal's volume 2001 issue 87 is dedicated to student feedback). 


      There are websites that offer pdf's and other resources to help teachers make sense of student feedback.  The Teaching Channel website (www.teachingchannel.org) includes a video "Improving Practice:  Learning From My Students".  In addition, The Center for Teaching & Learning offers a document titled "Interpreting and Working with your Course Evaluations" (www.ctl.stanford.edu). 


      Yes, student feedback can cause anxiety, but it does not have to.  Try the strategies listed above and let me know how they work (if they work for you).  I would love to know how you survive student evaluations at your school.  Please leave any teacher eval survivor tips in the comment section below. 


      *Please note that this is the final post in the 3 part series on student perception. 

    • Blog post
    • 7 months ago
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  • 5 Mistakes to Avoid When Colle 5 Mistakes to Avoid When Collecting Student Feedback

    • From: Jennifer_Davis_Bowman
    • Description:

      I remember all the times that I have asked my children for their opinion.  I have asked, "How do I look?" before a trip to the movies.  After spending hours in the kitchen, I have also asked "How was the home made soup?" To no surprise, I was not thrilled with their feedback (my daughter typically begs me to change my outfit immediately.  As for the soup, I interpret their addition of much salt to represent the need for more flavor). 


      I didn't go through many changes, or much preparation before asking for my children's opinion, but I tend to think that for the classroom, asking our students for feedback should require a system or at least a plan. We understand the value of student feedbakc, but now, lets focus on how we can begin the process.  Because I am a believer in the learning potential within mistakes, I will identify considerations to avoid when pursuing student perception. 


      1.  Don't Reinvent the Wheel.

      There is research available to show you the different ways to gather student opinion.  There is no need to start from scratch and develop your own system.  There are online surveys (survey monkey) or online polls that you can use to measure student perception of a lesson (polleverywhere.com).  In addition, there are ways to get more personal feedback with the use of group conferences or individual conferences.  You can indirectly obtain feedback through the use of a classroom profile by examining trends in your classroom such as attendance, submissions of late work, extra credit, and the frequency of visits to your classroom blog.  Keeley (2012) in a pulication called Science and Children illustrates a great example of creating a classroom profile as a means of collecting information about your students. 

      2. Dont Overlook the element of Time.

      Typically teacher evaluations are completed at the end of a year, but think about the drawbacks to this approach.  If you approach your students early and often, there is a greater likelihood of utilizing the data to inform your teaching practices sooner and more frequently.  There is a great article in the New York Times (Lewin, 2012) that discusses how professors that wish to go the extra mile collect feedback weekly. 

      3.  Dont Be Vague.

      Try to be very specific when aksing for feedback.  Instead of asking what the students "like" or "dislike", require the students to share what they found particularly "useful" or what may have created "barriers" to their academic success.    

      4.  Don't Sit on the Sidelines.

      Even though you wish to focus on student feedback, allow the students to ask you questions as well.  This is an opportunity to share your thought process on how you developed your curriculum map.  Also, based on the questions that your students ask, you can learn what elements of the class they desire to have a voice or a role in the decision-making process. 

      5.  Dont Personalize the Information.

      It is likely that the student evaluations will yield some negative comments.  That is fine.  Remember that the focus of the eval is your teaching practice, not you as an individual.  The goal is to learn specific things about your teaching that you may improve upon in the future.  So, yes, it hurts my feelings when my daughter slams my outfit, but at the same time, I am able to learn a little about fashion (and hopefull learn to later present myself as a fashionista later) due to her feedback. 


      *Please note that the first post in this series is titled "There's no Crying in Baseball".  For the final follow up post, I will outline important things that teachers should do after collecting the student feedback. 

    • Blog post
    • 7 months ago
    • Views: 1338
  • Diary of a Black Teacher Leade Diary of a Black Teacher Leader

    • From: Jennifer_Davis_Bowman
    • Description:

      Dear Diary...


      Unfortunately, some of my undergraduate classes are not very diverse.  Maybe out of 20-25 students in an introduction education/psychology class, only a handful are black.  Recently in class, durinng the time dedicated to independent practice, one of my female black students wore ipod earbuds.  This really got to me.  Correction.  It truly bothered me.  Here, I had a student that had been presented with similar experiences as myself (we were both minorities), and yet she refused to engage in the lesson/practice that I created for her.  I felt betrayed.  I couldn't help but think about the root of her behavior:

      Was she bored with the material or the classroom routine?

      Was she testing her boundaries with me, the classroom, the university?

      Was she unaware of proper classroom etiquette (afterall, she was a freshman)?

      Was she going through something personally and needed music to help cope/block out everything around her?


      I believed that the cause may stem from something deeper.  Something more personal in nature.  Was it me?  I began to wonder just how I may have contributed to the student's behavior:

      Did my thick afro-like loosely curled hair suggest that the classroom environment would be mor lax (and thus suitable for listening to ipod music during class)?

      Did my wooden ethnic inspired earrings suggest that my lesson (or me as the instructor) was somehow less relevant (to the mainstream) or should be taken less seriously?

      Did my conversational lecture, embedded with slang (some may say Ebonics) suggest that I was less educated than other leaders in academia and thus warranted less attention?


      In short, I wondered was my young black student unprepared, uncertain, or even unwilling to receive a leader in the likeness of her own image?  Further, I wondered how might I work to move my student and myself through this academic barrier?  Finally, I needed to consider the "teachable moments" within this experience that would benefit other educators in the future. 


      In closing, I had reservations about sharing my private thoughts/experiences.  I find that often race is one of those topics (like money, politics, and religion) that people shy away from talking about openly.  I found inspiration to share my experience from a quote based on a radio speech by Gerritt Bolkestein that motivated the infamous Anne Frank to share her diary:

      "History can not be written on the basis of official decisions and documents alone.  If our descendants are to understand fully what we as a nation have had to endure and overcome during these years, then what we really need are ordinary documents--a diary... Not until we succeed in bringing together vast quantities of this simple, everyday material will the picture of our struggle for freedom be painted in its full depth and glory."

    • Blog post
    • 8 months ago
    • Views: 541
  • There's No Crying in Baseball! There's No Crying in Baseball!

    • From: Jennifer_Davis_Bowman
    • Description:

      Recently during an in-class presentation, a student showed a clip from the Tom Hanks film "A League of Their Own".  It was the scene where Hanks is frustrated with his female player (all female league) as she cries in response to his instruction/coaching.  The source of his frustration is simple, Hanks holds a strong perception of baseball (he believes baseball is rough, tough, and all things macho) and it is evident that his female player did not share these ideas.  In disbelief of his player's perception of the game, Hank yells "there's no crying in baseball".  The video clip speaks directly to the vital role that perception plays in our everyday interactions.  More specifically to educators, the film clip may serve to remind us how perception impacts our classroom.

      As educators we are typcially aware of how we feel, but how much do we really know about our student's feelings?  What do our students think about our lesson plans, classroom environment, and assessments and how do our perceptions differ?  Below is a sample of 6 differences between what we may believe as educators and what our learners may perceive everyday in th classroom. 

      1.  Tests

      Teacher Perception: What does this test show about my instructional effectiveness?

      Student Perception:  I wonder if I can trick the teacher into thinking that I studied and know this material?


      2. Homework

      Teacherr Perception:  How well does this assignment prepare the students for the test?

      Student Perception:  Why do we have to repeat the same stuff that we did in class at home?


      3.  Differentiation

      Teacher Perception:  Can I effectively individualize instruction?

      Student Perception:  Is separate truly equal?  I don't know if it is fair that different students get different work


      4.  Scheduled Substitute Teacher

      Teacher Perception:  I hope I left sufficient activities for the students in order to keep them on track.

      Student Perception:  Free time!  (Las Vegas mentality:What happens here, stays here).


      5.  Extra Credit Opportunities

      Teacher Perception:  How might this extra credit assignment reinforce the concepts from our class?

      Student Perception:  Free points!


      6.  Assignment Calendar/Syllabus

      Teacher Perception:  What other information should I add in order to make the information more clear to the students?

      Student Perception:  Should I keep this?  I can just ask the teacher about the due dates or deadlines.


      In order to make meaningful changes in our classroom, we first need to become aware of our perceptions as educators and the perceptions of our learners.  Understanding the perceptions of others is hard work.  I tend to think about the book "Seven Effective Habits" by Covey in that he emphasizes the need to first seek to understand (as a prerequisite to being understood).  It's ok if you perceive crying in baseball as a crime.  It is better if you seek ways to understand how others may perceive baseball.  A single belief can be so limiting.  Let's challenge ourselves to learn about perceptions outside of our own.  Specifically it is time to think about how our students perceive their learning process and how we can use these perceptions to inform instruction.  As a way to help, I will provide a follow-up post that outlines considerations and strategies in exploring student perception. 


    • Blog post
    • 8 months ago
    • Views: 856
  • Is Homework a Bad Word in Your Is Homework a Bad Word in Your Classroom?

    • From: Jennifer_Davis_Bowman
    • Description:

      Let me come clean.  At first, homework was a bad word for my students.  I remember the grunts, the sighs, and the rolling of the eyes when I assigned homework in the past.  So, you may wonder, what has changed?  I have to give the credit to the infamous educator book "The First Days of School" by Harry and Rosemary Wong.  I tend to rely on this book for many housekeeping matters in my classroom.  For homework guidance, I refer to the book's "no mystery approach" (this strategy is described in the lesson mastery chapter of the book).  So far, what woks for me is telling the students specifically what is needed for homework success and then practicing it together as a class. 

      Below are 5 effective strategies that I use to increases student homework output:

      1.  Check Marks the Spot

      I use checklists that explicitly describe what the students are required to do for the homework assignment.  I have the students attach the checklist to the homework so that they already know how they did on the assignment when they turn it in.  A sample of things on our checklist include (page lengths, meeting the deadline, proper heading, etc.).

      I provide examples to the students (student samples from previous classes) so that we can practice matching the checklist against the actual assignment.  In the "First Days of School", the author urges how effective teachers show students examples of work and how this decreases assingnment fear and anxiety.   


      2.  Probability Boosts Homework Potential

      I anounce to the class that homework is collected randomly through out the semester.  I provide a homework calendar at the beginning of the semester that lists all the potential dates that the homework will be collected (the calendar give the students a clear tangible schedule to help them track the homework process).  Typically, I try to collect about 70% -75% of the assignments on the calendar.  This amount gives a pretty good snapshot of the students practice performance (I get an indicator of the student's work quality, frequency, and need for remediation).  I encourage the students to complete all the assignments, but the students understand that only a portion of the work will get collected.  Making the assignment collection random keeps the assignments fresh.  It is almost like the homework is a lottery or contest for the students.  The more you enter (the more assignments you complete), the better your chance is to win (earn a strong grade).  It is fun to see the students tyring to use statistics/probability to determine the likelihood that the assignment will get collected.  I hear the older students saying "She collected it yesterday, so there is a lower probability that she will get it today"...

      3.  Make-ups Break-up the System

      At the beginning of the year I make it clear that submission is the rule and make-up is the exception (unless there is a doctor's note or other verified special circumstance).  Discouraging make-ups is important because it prepares the students for the real world, it makes them accountable, and fosters the students with a sense of urgency to complete the assignment. 

      4.  The Power of Choice

      I encourage the students to choose how they wish to complete the assignment.  We practice what good homework vs. poor homework choices look like.  For example, when it is a vocabulary assignment, instead of completing a true/false statement for every word on the list, the student is able to choose a select number of the words (we must agree on the amount of words ahead of time).  Another example of a homework choice is when we are working on reading comprehension and the student is permitted to select the type of questions that they will respond to (literal, expressive, inferential, predictive, etc.).   By granting the students choices, the assignment is less intimidating, and the student is more likely to complete the assignment.


      5.  Homework is the Ultimate Copy Cat

      One of the themes of lesson mastery in "The First Days of School" is the effective teachers' use of a specific criteria that the students practice.  I make it clear to the students that their homework is a miniature version of their test.  To make it even more enticing for them, I explain that I pull the actual test questions from the homework that they submit. 

      If you find that it is difficult to use the homeowrk as a blueprnt for your test, consider revising the homework assignment.  It is imperative for the homework to direclty reflect the assessment (for more details on this, revisit the Lesson Mastery in "The First Days of School").


      These are some of the factors that have really helped turn around the perception of homework in my classroom.  No more "the dog ate my homework" stories for me!  The students understand that the homework is on their terms, their time, and that it prepares them for their test.  In the "First Days of School", Wong inspires teachers to help students showcase what they are learning.  Homework is a great opportunity to do this.  What homework strategies have you found useful in inspiring your students to show what they have learned? 





    • Blog post
    • 8 months ago
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  • Are you a Fearful Teacher? Are you a Fearful Teacher?

    • From: Jennifer_Davis_Bowman
    • Description:

      As we approach the official trick-or treat day, it is only appropriate to think about the concept of fear.  The interesting thing about fear is that it is a normal emotion that everyone experiences.  My youngest child holds unique hair fears (yes, just regular hair from your head that is left in the comb or brush will literally break him out into tears), my teenage daughter has many fashion fears (she fears that she will not earn enough money to shop on Black Friday and that the color in her shirt does not genuinely match the color in her shoes).  To be honest, I have my own fears that I battle on a daily basis.  As an adjunct professor, I fear that too many students may drop/withdraw from my class when they see how much I intend to challenge them.  In addition, I fear that as a minority and as a female some may struggle to receive or acknowledge my instruction. 

      As an educator, I could focus just on my fears alone, but this would be wasteful.  Remember when you were in gradeschool and learned about how Native Americans used animals in their entirety?  They would use the animal skin for cloth, the animal teeth and bones for weapon parts, and of course the animal meat for food.  I believe that when we focus only on the fear, we waste the message or the learning inherent within.  As an educator it is our job to find the lesson within.  I believe that  exploring our fears as educators may be very enlightening.  Below, is a list of common educator fears.   First, ask yourself, "what are you afraid of?".  Second, ask yourself "what can I learn about myself from this fear?"


      1. Are you afraid to further your education, participate in more professional development or lead professional development activities?

      2. Are you afraid to take responsibility for the level, quality, and quantity of material that students learn (or struggle to learn) in your classroom?

      3. Are you afraid to manage your classroom emotionally, socially, psychologically, and of course physically?

      4. Are you afraid to go beyond the "buzz" words and popular education strategies such as "differentiation", "flipped classroom" and "close reading" to personally review and implement research-based practices within your classroom?

      5. Are you afraid of moving beyond the lesson plan?

      6. Are you afraid of being relatable to your students, peer teachers, parents, or administrators?

      7. Are you afraid of standardized tests or what they may suggest about you and your students' performance?

      8.  Are you afraid to shift between the role of the teacher and the learner? 


      It is ok to be fearful.  Better yet, it is scary to think about the disadvantages of ignoring or suppressing your fears.  I challenge every educator to come clean with your fears.  Be a "scaredy cat" in the name of education. 

      If you are brave enough to step up to the challenge, educators please share and tell me "what are you afraid of?"

    • Blog post
    • 9 months ago
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  • Craig Martin 10.jpg Craig Martin 10.jpg

    • From: Craig_Martin
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    • 2 years ago
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  • Generating Genius Generating Genius

    • From: Craig_Martin
    • Description:

      Generating Genius

      Living the Dream of Educating, Empowering, and Elevating Brown Boys to Greatness!

      By Craig Martin, M.Ed

      I had to pinch myself when I realized that I was front and center stage with my dream of molding brown boy potential before an audience of the world.  Granted, this may not seem so special when you acknowledge the great work being publicized about Urban Prep Academy in Chicago, The Eagle’s Academies for Young Men in New York, and Nativity Prep of Boston.  All three educational juggernauts are positioning African and Latino American males to excel, flourish, and transcend stereotypes and statistics of the American Prison Pipeline.  My dream cast happens to immortalize in a small public school urban classroom in Boston.

      Architects of ChangeInside Room 204, 26 charismatic 3rd graders pour into our all-boys classroom only to drop their bags and dash into the class library where they can pour through Ripley’s Believe It or Not for the twentieth time.  It appears they can never get enough of the man who had a 200 pound tumor, the man who can balance 20 soccer balls on his tongue, or the woman with the giant golf ball eyes.  Others find themselves debating whether or not an octopus would beat a squid in a battle royale from the Magic Tree House Sea Monsters’ read for homework.  And a number of others lie on the rug enjoying the new graphic novel additions of The Lunch Lady, Bone, Secret Science Alliance, and Geronimo Stilton, captivating them to a reading stupor.      “Mr. Martin…I NEEEEEEEEED that new Diary of a Wimpy Kid!” cries Adam as he pulls out his collection of books one through six and begins to re-read his favorite section to a peer.

      My Architects of Change are in for a roller coaster of an experience, because for most of them, I will be their first male teacher, first African American male adult who is not a coach or administrator, and first African American male teacher who happens to lead an all-boys class to success.  On the first day of school, as we rehearse how to walk quietly in a line and are cultivating ideas on what the number of the day could be, Steven quietly stops near me as says, “Mr. Martin, I like you…you embrace happiness like me.  This is going to be my best year ever!”  And he just walked past me through the hallways beaming with thoughts and emotions.   My role in their lives is illuminating in possibilities as their surrogate father, coach, referee, counselor, cheerleader, mentor, and more.  I represent a mirror reflection of who they could be and my main mission as their teacher is to pull out their best light and help shine it so that the world can see them as someone invaluable to the framework of our communities.  

      “Mr. Martin, is everyone we are going to read about going to also be an ‘Architect of Change’?” queries Rafael, after we completed reading a fable on a little brown boy who sought knowledge from an elder who sent him on a mission to help out many members of his community in hopes of receiving the wisdom he so desperately wanted.  From our discussions on 14 year old African American scholar, Tony Hansberry, who patented his own surgery technique, Damon Weaver, 8 year old African American news reporter, who interviewed President Obama, and even King Tut who became leader of Egypt as a teenager, I find ways to illustrate how each person can make a tremendous difference in some way.  It is imperative that they witness and experience successes that counter the narrative that they will become victim to violence, illiteracy, and/or poverty.    “Rafael, that’s a good question.  Time will tell.  But I think you may already know the answer.  Let’s see what happens” I retort.

      RoboticsThis journey is grand with promise.  My boys are the smartest in the city and they will work extremely hard to prove it.  However, it will take reprogramming them to believe in who they are and who they can be.  It will take facing years of people telling them they were stupid or slow or trouble makers.  It will require pouring into them love, support, and advocating resources to stand in the gap when challenges arise.  I look forward to what tomorrow will bring as I recount the daily recitation of our creed:


      We are Architects of Change!

      We believe in ourselves, our school and family, and in our potential!

      We are not statistics. We are the Standard!

      We will achieve, defy the odds, and fly high like eagles!

      We are brothers, bonded, built strong, and ready to make a difference in our community!




      We are Architects of Change! 

      …and the world is ours!


    • Blog post
    • 2 years ago
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  • Craig's Blog Banner Craig's Blog Banner

    • From: Craig_Martin
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    • 2 years ago
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