Marie Garrido

Curriculum Director/Specialist

Coral Springs, FL


  • Posted 10 Months ago
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Fight Fake News with the Common Core Reading Standards

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Wondering how to arm your students against pervasive lives, distortions, and fallacies in the media?  Look no further than your Common Core Reading Standards!  Teaching to the standards with the intention of helping your students become more critical consumers of information will make your students better citizens as well as college and career ready!  The student-friendly chart below is a great handout for students as well as a reminder for teachers of how to integrate critical thinking of media into the curriculum.

Reading Standard

How to use it as a weapon against fake news

Category 1: Key Ideas and Details

RI1.1 Read closely to determine what the text says explicitly and to make logical inferences from it; cite specific textual evidence when writing or speaking to support conclusions drawn from the text.

Read carefully or you might miss important details that will help you verify the information that you are reading.  A news story is not going to outright tell you that it is fake, you are going to have to make many inferences.  Always read with a critical eye.

RI1.2Determine central ideas or themes of a text and analyze their development; summarize the key supporting details and ideas.

What is the author’s message?  How does the author make his points?  There may be one message on the surface, but see if there are any hidden agendas behind what the author is saying.

RI1.3Analyze how and why individuals, events, and ideas develop and interact over the course of a text.

Keep asking yourself, “How does this fit with what I just read?” 

Category 2: Key Ideas and Details

RI2.4Interpret words and phrases as they are used in a text, including determining technical, connotative, and figurative meanings, and analyze how specific word choices shape meaning or tone.

Authors craft their messages with words.  Pay careful attention to the author’s word choices and the emotional charge they may carry.  How does the author want you to feel about the message?  Is the author using imagery, personification, or metaphor?  How does that figurative language shape the message? Why is the author making this comparison?  Watch out for shifts in tone.

RI2.5Analyze the structure of texts, including how specific sentences, paragraphs, and larger portions of the text (e.g., a section, chapter, scene, or stanza) relate to each other and the whole.

Look at how the author organizes the information and how one idea builds on another.  Sometimes you will find that what is said does not logically follow from what came before.

RI2.6Assess how point of view or purpose shapes the content and style of a text.

Think about why the message was written and the perspective of the writer or speaker.  Is there bias?  Is the article really an advertisement in disguise?

Category 3: Integration of Knowledge and Ideas

RI3.7Integrate and evaluate content presented in diverse media and formats, including visually and quantitatively, as well as in words.

Did you listen to a news broadcast?  Now look up an article about that topic, an infographic that breaks down the information, or a video that gives a different perspective.  This diverse media can give you the bigger picture of the issue.

RI3.8Delineate and evaluate the argument and specific claims in a text, including the validity of the reasoning as well as the relevance and sufficiency of the evidence.

Notice how the author uses logos (facts and details), ethos (expertise, sources, up to date), and pathos (emotional charge) and be on the lookout for logical fallacies.  

RI3.9Analyze how two or more texts address similar themes or topics in order to build knowledge or to compare the approaches the authors take.

Never take one source of information as the final word.  Always consult multiple sources on a topic to get the full picture.  Take notice where sources agree and disagree with each other.

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